Mt.Yudalsan
Soul rest lows

Yudalsan

Yudalsan, a place where a big branch of Noryeong Mountain Range did its final rise as it arrived at the southern region of Muan Peninsula, has an area of 140ha and a height of 228.3m. Although not very high, it is the last mountaintop of Noryeong Mountain Range and is a mountain at the end of land in Southwestern direction that is connected to the blue ocean dotted with islands.

Another name of Yudalsan is 'Yungdalsan', named because it is thought to be a place where souls pass by. There is a legend that souls receive judgement on Ildeungbong Peak (Yuldong Rock). After, the soul would move to Ideungbong Peak (Idong Rock), and wait there until it goes to heaven.

There are many pavilions with great views such as Daehangnu Pavilion, Dalseonggak Pavilion, Yuseongak Pavilion, and Soyojeong Pavilion, and many things to see such as monument memorial of 'Tears of Mokpo', of singer Nan-young Lee, and Yudalsan Sculpture Park, the first outdoor sculpture park of Korea. With the Yudalsan circuit road of 2.7km, you can enjoy the panorama of Mokpo's townside and the blue ocean dotted with islands.

Also, it has, as a military strategic point in Southwestern area, a natural fortress that connects Ilseongsan Mountain's mountaintop in Haenam Hwawon to Gunsan Moountain's mountaintop in Muan Wangsan, had a role of protecting Yeongsangang River's neck since the olden days, and there are many historically meaningful places such as Nojeokbong Peak, where it's famous for Admiral Yi Sun-sin's tale: During Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, he covered the rock with straw thatch to make it look like military provisions and made the Japanese army lose their fighting spirit.

Mt.Yudalsan

If you go to the mountaintop, then a sight that will remain in the visitor's hearts for a long time, the sight of Yudalsan, with the landscape of the blue ocean dotted with islands and big and large ships that passes through by that reminds one of a beautiful oriental painting, the sunset of the blue ocean dotted with islands, and the night view of Mokpo Harbor, will be seen in one sight.

The four seasons of Yudalsan

Mt.Yudalsan's spring

Mt.Yudalsan's summer

Mt.Yudalsan's autumn

Mt.Yudalsan's winter

Orchid Exhibition Hall

The Orchid Exhibition Hall, opened a year from Yudalsan Sculpture Park, has 152 species of oriental orchids, including 39 species of Korean orchids, living throughout Korea, 97 species of western orchids, and others, in total 288 species of orchids and a total of 1300 or so orchids that display its own elegance.

Specific Native Botanical Garden

It is a botanical garden located within Yudalsan Dalseong Park and it was made to preserve rare plants and wild endangered plants. The characteristic of this botanical garden is that through systematic environmental management it has formed the habitat of the wild plants by having a balanced ecosystem, with amphibians and reptiles. Although man-made, there is even a food chain within the botanical garden so it can be seen as another model of a botanical garden.

New Millennium Citizen's Bell

Citizen's Bell is located in the foot of Nojeokbong peak in Yudalsan. Ordinarily, the direction of the bell faces due south as a tradition, but it is characteristic in that it faces westward, with the meaning of Mokpo city's will to lead the age of Pacific rim and the futuristic tedencies toward the Chinese continent. The entrance of the belfry faces the direction of Yudalsan for the tourists.

In the upper area that supports the bell, following traditional pattern there is an organ pipe in the shape of a bamboo and a dragon shaped ring that guards it. On the top side of the bell there is mugunghwa (hibiscus) that symbolizes 80 million Korean citizens, and on the bottom side of the bell there is magnolia, a city flower of Mokpo: Together they have a meaning of citizen's harmony.

On the outside borders there is a loquat tree, a city tree of Mokpo, sculptured in which represents Mokpo. Lastly, ordinarily in a bell an image of a heavenly maid (wishing image) is sculpted in, but in case of Citizen's Bell, in order to express the spirit and wishes of Mokpo city, it instead has three cranes, representing Mokpo, flying vigorously sculpted in: In general, it expresses regionalism.

Although the bell also has religious meaning, it is usually a medium to tell the time: The fact that it is located in a place where Opodae Battery, a cannon that told the time 12 o'clock noon in the past, was once located is interesting.

The characteristic of Mokpo New Millenium Citizen's Bell is that on the top part that supports the bell there is a bamboo shaped organ pipe that follows the traditional style and a dragon shaped ring that guards it: This is a tradition after Silla Dynasty and originated from Manpasikjeok tale from The Heritage of the Three States. (Manpasikjeok-the legendary flute of Silla that is supposed to solve all concern and worries of the country) On the top part of the bell's body there is mugunghwa (hibiscus) that symbolizes 80 million Korean citizens carved in, and on the bottom side of the bell there is carved in white magnolia, a city flower of Mokpo, which, combined, gives a message of citizen's harmony. On the round, nipple part of the clapper there is mugunghwa (hibiscus) carved in, symbolizing patriotism of Guktaeminan (the country is at peace and people are well), and on the square nipper, that surrounds the nipple part, there is a loquat, a city tree of Mokpo, carved in. Finally, the wishing image pattern (usually a heavenly maid) has three cranes flying vigorously, which symbolizes Mokpo city's spirit and wishes, carved in: The regionalism that is shown in it is its unique characteristic.

The traditional role of a bell was ringing the bell 7 times each for north, east, west, and south, in total of 28 times, with the meaning of symbolism for the sun, the moon, and the stars at 10pm, in order to announce curfew, and in 4am, to notify that the morning has arrived they rang the bell 33 times, 28 times plus 5 times for the five elements. In case of Bosingak Bell, since it was used since Joseon Dynasty to tell the time, the bell is rung 33 times at New Year's Eve, and the number 33 also signifies 33 national leaders who read 3.1 Independence Declaration. However, Citizen's Bell in Mokpo, since it was made with the symbolism of hope for 21st century, is rung 21 times as a custom.

Orchid Exhibition Hall

Specific Native Botanical Garden

New Millennium Citizen's Bell

Nojeokbong

Although Nojeokbong is a stone mountain of a mere 60m altitude, it has patriotic spirit of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, who has defeated the Japanese army.

In the Japanese invasion of 1597, while Admiral Yi was reorganizing the battle line after he has lead the seemingly impossible to win Myeongnyang Battle to victory with a mere 12 ships, Joseon’s soldiers and military provisions were so lacking that if the Japanese army invades they were destined to be defeated. At that time, Nojeokbong had a very big role. While the Japanese army were observing Joseon’s army’s situation from the Yudalsan coastal waters, Admiral Yi has used Nojeokbong to use a camouflage tactic: He covered the Nojeokbong rock with straw thatch so it seemed as if there are as many military provisions as a mountain, and dissolved white clay in the sea waters so it seemed as if it is used water from washing rice from cooking. The Japanese army thought that there are many soldiers and drew back themselves. After such happened, this peak was called Nojeokbong from then.

Fertile Tree

What kind of tree is this? After getting away from New Millennium Citizen’s bell, if you head toward Nojeokbong then, behind a forest at the back of Nojeokbong, a tree that sits by while opening its legs, as if to seduce passengers, catches one’s eyes. This tree became known to the world when it was discovered while cutting wild grass, but as it has a vast similarity to a woman’s lower body it is interesting even for a nature’s providence. Seeing various expressions of people looking at this tree is another interesting part of this tree.

Statue of Admiral Yi Sun-sin

The Statue of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, with the height of 370cm and a width of 160cm, is tilted to the side a little, like the Tower of Pisa. With the center-line as a standard, the statue is tilted 0.5 degrees until the helmet. There is also a story that it was made tilted because the pose of drawing the sword out was what was intended.

Nojeokbong

Fertile Tree

Statue of Admiral Yi Sun-sin

Fisherman Park

Yudalsan

If you follow the Yudalsan trail toward the west then it is located where blue ocean dotted with islands is seen at a sight.

This place, beautifully decorated with lawn fields, has a statue of fisherman that describes the joys and sorrows of fishermen, and a memorial stone with the poem "the sea" by Kim Ji-ha.

This is a fishermen's garden that was made to praise the spirit of fishermen who pioneer the ocean, at 1997.

Sungok Memorial Hall

Sungok Memorial Hall, located below Mokpo Yudalsan, is a cultural area that was made to commemorate the 88th birthday of Sungok Lee Hun-dong, the founder of Joseon Refractories Co., Ltd, and the publisher of The Jeonnam Ilbo, by his children in 2004. The stone building that is Jeonnam Cultural Property number 165, is beside Lee Hun-dong garden with the land of 1,723.4m2 (522 pyeong), the building of 739.4m2 (224 pyeong), and the height of 9m, has beauty that stands out.

Displayed at the memorial hall are not only works of calligraphy maestros of modern age but also pottery: Everything that Sungok Lee has collected during his lifetime.

Yi Hun-dong Garden

It is located in the southeast foot of Yudalsan, and was originally a Japanese-style garden made by Uchidai Manpei, a Japanese man, in 1930's.

In 1950's Yi Hun-dong purchased what was originally owned by Park Gi-bae, a member of the National Congress from Haenam, since independence, and as 60 years passed by characteristics of a Japanese garden vanished and is now decorated as a Baekje style vacation home.

The largest in Honam area for a personal garden, it is formed of an entrance park, an inner garden, 'Forest and Stream' garden, and a backyard. There are 113 different species of trees. There are 37 wild Korean species, 69 Japanese species, 25 Chinese species, and 12 other species: From here, there are 69 species of evergreens, 61% of the whole.

Planted on the inner garden's lawn fields are silver magnolia, evergreens from the family of Theaceae, ring-cup oaks, and others. In 'Forest and Stream' garden in the west, planted compactly are Himalaya cedars, yews, Japanese cedars, retinisporas, ring-cup oaks, tamarisks, camelia, and others, and in the forest narrow streams flow down. Among the garden trees there is a Japanese juniper, a hermaphrodite, in front of the gates. It is said that it wasn't planted by men, but was grown naturally: The seed flew all the way to Mokpo during a volcanic eruption in Japan and a bud grew therefore.

Sungok Memorial Hall

Yi Hun-dong Garden

Yudalsan Sculpture Park

If you go into the road at the entrance of Yudalsan that stands at Nojeokbong, then follow the beltway at the right, then there is Yudalsan Sculpture Park stationed at a low hill, where the dignity of Ideungbong Peak is seen at a sight. Each sculpture forms harmony with the nearby scenery, and planted near the sculptures are rare trees that makes the scenery even more plentiful. You can not only see the sculptures as you follow the walking trails but there also is a trail to the Ideungbong Peak from the park so you can also enjoy Yudalsan tracking.

Yi Nan-yeong Memorial Monument

If you pass by the Statue of Admiral Yi Sun-sin and Opodae Battery and go up just 40m, you can see, on the top of a rock, the memorial monument for "Tears of Mokpo" by Yi Nan-yeong (Real name Yi Ok-rye), a singer from Mokpo. There is a recording device on the memorial monument, so that people can listen to her song anytime.

Yudalsan Sculpture Park

Yi Nan-yeong Memorial Monument